Accessory Product

Pitel Paste

High-performance, electrically non-conductive thermal interface materials

US$195.00

Pitel Paste Formula AZ-01 is Magna-Power’s signature thermal paste formula, an electrically non-conductive thermal compound, designed to satisfy the majority of semiconductor thermal interface requirements for power electronics manufacturers. Pitel Paste AZ-01 finds the perfect balance among breakdown voltage, long-term thermal resistance, viscosity and cost.

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Overview

Pitel Paste AZ-01 is Magna-Power’s signature thermal paste formula, designed to satisfy the majority of semiconductor thermal interface requirements for power electronics manufacturers. AZ-01 finds the perfect balance among long-term thermal resistance, viscosity and cost.

Pitel Paste AZ-01 uses a mixture of high-concentration powderized aluminum and zinc oxide suspended in non-conducting silicone oil. This thermal paste formulation was designed specifically for power electronics applications, filling microscopic voids between semiconductors and heatsinks, resulting in a better thermal transfer and ultimately, improved performance capabilities. AZ-01, refined and validated over 8 years by Magna-Power, has a proven track record for delivering superior thermal performance in some of the most demanding power electronics applications.

A wide range of deposition methods are supported for a variety of production needs, including manual deposition, automated dispensing, pneumatic dispensing, and stencil printing.

Pitel Paste is manufactured in the USA at Magna-Power’s manufacturing facility and is compliant with both REACH and RoHS directives.

Packaging

The available packaging and bundling for Pitel Paste Formula AZ-01.

Package Type Package Description Volume
A Resealable Container 236 ml (8 oz)
C Sample Size
Luer Lock Syringe
1 ml (0.03 oz)

Thermal Paste in Power Electronics Applications

With internal capabilities that include metal and heatsink fabrication, CNC machined surface finishing, and power module assembly, Magna-Power is uniquely positioned to address power semiconductor heat extraction with a vertically integrated approach. Over a period of 8 years, Magna-Power iterated on its own thermal compound formulation, evaluating it through the lens of power electronics applications and today playing a critical role in the company’s ability to deliver among the most power dense programmable power supplies on the market.

A thermal interface material between two metals can offer up to two orders of magnitude drop in thermal resistance. A high-performing thermal paste can help achieve the highest-performing thermal bond on a production-scale.

Thermal Resistivity for Power Semiconductors

While thermal interface manufacturers often emphasize thermal conductivity as their key performance metric, this specification does not quantify the device-to-surface realities found in power electronic assemblies.

The applied metric for engineers is thermal resistivity, which benchmarks void-filling thermal paste performance for power semiconductors, measuring how easily heat can be conducted between two surfaces. In power electronics, thermal resistance between power semiconductors and heatsinks plays a critical role in product performance, with lower thermal resistance allowing product designers to achieve greater power densities.

Temperatures of heatsink mounted power semiconductors are commonly modeled using a thermal equivalent circuit with thermal resistances (Rθ), where the power dissipated in a device (PLOSS) is converted directly into heat:

Thermal equivalent circuit for temperatures of heatsink mounted power semiconductor
Thermal equivalent circuit for temperatures of heatsink mounted power semiconductor

Where:

  • RθJC: Thermal resistance of semiconductor junction to case; native to the semiconductor fabrication.
  • RθCS: Thermal resistance of the case to heat sink surface; describes the thermal interface material and surface contact and conditions.
  • RθSA: Heatsink to ambient environment surrounding the package; provides a sink for heat.

In addition to using conventional thermal conductivity measurement devices, test apparatuses were developed to evaluate thermal resistance (RθCS) in power electronics applications using various thermal compounds, as shown in Figure 2. The results of Magna-Power’s thermal resistivity measurements using this apparatus are shown in Figure 1.


Magna-Power developed thermal resistivity measurement appartus, measuring between device package and heatsink.
Magna-Power developed thermal resistivity measurement appartus, measuring between device package and heatsink.

Application Methods and Other Considerations

Having produced power supplies for over 40 years, with power density as a critical design criterion, Magna-Power has evaluated numerous thermal interface materials. Beyond just the thermal resistance, there are practical considerations, such as:

  • Breakdown Voltage: Many pastes are formulated for low voltage integrated circuit cooling, allowing much higher thermal conductivity but with a much lower breakdown voltage; often times this specification is not even provided. For non-conducting power electronics applications, a high breakdown voltage is required; a testing standard is provided by ASTM D149 for this specification.
  • Viscosity: Many high-performing pastes were thick and difficult to dispense and spread evenly.
  • Separation: Thinner pastes were easy to apply, but separate over time in the dispensing containers, requiring a secondary operation for mixing before application.
  • Cost: Paste that utilized exotic materials achieved only marginal performance gain with a significant price premium.
  • Test Standards: Low cost thermal pastes with extreme performance claims did not reference any applicable standards to validate their performance claims. Many of these claims could not be reproduced by certified third party testings facilities using relevant ASTM standards.

Countless iterations of Pitel Paste were formulated to find the right balance of performance with practicality for medium-to-high volume production needs in power electronics applications. Pitel Paste Formula AZ-01 achieves excellent thermal performance in power electronics applications, with minimal separation and a long shelf-life, all while supporting a variety of dispensing mechanisms, such as: syringes, stencils, and volumetric dispensing.

Today, with over 200 megawatts of Magna-Power DC power supplies in the field utilizing Pitel Paste, Magna-Power is pleased to offer power electronics manufacturers the same benefits it has achieved with a well-balanced high-performing thermal compound: Pitel Paste Formula AZ-01.

Specifications

The following specifications are subject to change without notice. Unless otherwise noted, all specifications measured at the product's maximum ratings.

Physical Specifications
Specification Value
Color Silver Gray
Service Temperature -20°C to 200°C
Storage Temperature
Long-term
-25°C to 30°C
Dispersion Stability
ISO/TR 13097:2013 Testing Method
Slight oil separation may occur
Performance Specifications
Specification Value
Density
ATM D70 Testing Method
2.32 g/mL
Viscosity at 10 RPM (T-SP-2)
ASTM D2196 Testing Method
80,000 - 110,000 mPa·s
Shearing Tendency
ASTM D2196 Testing Method
Shear thinning
Thermal Conductivity
ASTM D7984 Testing Method
2.7 W/m·K
Thermal Contact Resistance (40 psi, 25°C)
ASTM D5470 Testing Method
6.5 x 10-6 K·m2/W
Absolute Thermal Resistance (40 psi, 25°C)
ASTM D5470 Testing Method
0.008 K/W
Breakdown Voltage
ASTM D149 Testing Method
2.0 kV/mm
Minimum Bond Line Thickness (40 psi) 25 µm
Volatile Content
ASTM D2369 Testing Method
0.008%
Volume Resistivity
ASTM D257 Testing Method
1.2 x 1014 Ohm·cm
Dielectric Constant
ASTM D150 Testing Method
24.08 @ 1 kHz
23.87 @ 10 kHz
Dissipative Factor
ASTM D150 Testing Method
0.01237 @ 1 kHz
0.00390 @ 10 kHz

Downloads

The following downloads are for the Add-On - Accessory - Pitel Paste:

Documentation

Pitel Paste AZ-01 Datasheet [20240110] [EN] [PDF]

Drawings